What is SENS-401?
A first-in-class drug to treat Sudden SensoriNeural Hearing Loss (SSNHL):
- To protect against inner ear lesions that lead to nerve degeneration and hair cells loss
- Received Orphan Drug Designation in Europe for treating SSNHL
R-azasetron besylate (an enantiomer of Serotone® marketed in Asia for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting).
A 5-HT3 receptor antagonist (setron family) with additional undisclosed mode of action.
Small molecule administered orally or by injection.
Preclinical and Clinical Data
Positive preclinical and early clinical data paved the way for initiating further clinical evaluation.
- Potent capacity to reduce hearing loss in preclinical studies
- Good inner ear exposure after systemic administration in preclinical studies
- A phase 1 trial showed good tolerance and confirmed pharmacokinetics at higher doses than those usually prescribed with R/S azasetron [Clinicaltrials.gov/SENS-401]
A phase 2 study is planned for 2018.
About Sudden SensoriNeural Hearing Loss (SSNHL)
SSNHL is also known as sudden deafness and belongs to the group of rare conditions that affect the inner ear
- Rapid (instant or in <72 hours) hearing loss typically unilateral
- Loss of >30 decibels (a 1000-fold reduction of sound perception)
- Often accompanied by tinnitus and vertigo
- Most commonly affects people over 45 years of age
SSNHL occurs with the destruction of sensory hair cells (sound detectors), the sensory neurons (conducting auditory information to the brain), or their connections.
While the cause of most cases (71%) in unknown (idiopathic), other possible causes include
- Infectious (12.8%) or otologic (4.7%) diseases
- Traumatic injury including noise (4.2%)
- Vascular/hematologic (2.8%)
- Neoplasia (2.3%)
- Other (2.2%)
No treatments are currently available for SSNHL
SENS-401 and its therapeutic area are protected by several patent families until at least 2036.
Stachler et al., (2012). Clinical practice guideline: sudden hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 146(3 Suppl):S1-35. Pubmed