Vertigo is a subjective sensation of movement during which patients experience a feeling of losing balance, turning/spinning of themselves or surrounding objects. Although an inner ear problem is only rarely considered, 2/3 cases of vertigo have a vestibular origin. The remaining third is due to central causes such as tumour or CNS disorders.
Depending on duration and severity, vertigo can represent a serious disability. Loss of balance causes a loss of autonomy and the dizzy sensation limits people from walking or driving and is responsible for both loss of work and reduced productivity. Vertigo is therefore a large socio-economic burden for which the current therapies do not offer specific solutions. Vertigo is a symptom common to different types of inner ear damage.